8/16/2013 8:27:00 AM Moments in History The history Channel
On Aug. 22, 1776, the British arrive at Long Island -- between Gravesend and New Utrecht -- with 24,000 men, and on Sept. 15 captured New York City. It would remain in British hands until the end of the war.
On Aug. 20, 1862, New York Tribune editor Horace Greeley publishes a blistering editorial, "The Prayer of Twenty Millions," calling on President Abraham Lincoln to declare emancipation for all slaves. Unbeknownst to Greeley, Lincoln was already moving in the direction of emancipation.
On Aug. 24, 1873, William Henry Jackson becomes the first person to photograph Colorado's elusive Mount of the Holy Cross, providing reliable proof of its existence. Two deep snow-fi lled ravines at 90-angles form a large cross on the steep northeast face of a 14,000-foot mountain peak.
On Aug. 19, 1909, the fi rst race is held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Indiana, now the home of the Indianapolis 500. The track's surface of crushed rock and tar proved a disaster, breaking up and causing the deaths of two drivers, two mechanics and two spectators.
On Aug. 21, 1935, the Swing Era begins with Benny Goodman's triumphant Palomar Ballroom performance in Los Angeles. When his relatively staid arrangements began to lose the young crowd, Goodman pulled out upbeat, syncopated rhythm arrangements -- to the crowd's immense delight -- and swing was born.
On Aug. 25, 1950, in anticipation of a crippling strike by railroad workers, President Harry Truman issues an executive order putting America's railroads under the control of the U.S. Army. The railroad strike lasted for 21 months. He used the same justifi cation for seizing control of steel plants when the United Steel Workers union struck later in the year.