On April 28, 1789, three weeks into a journey from Tahiti to the West Indies, the HMS Bounty is seized in a mutiny led by Fletcher Christian, the master's mate. Captain William Bligh and 18 of his loyal supporters were set adrift in a small, open boat. Bligh and his men reached Timor in the East Indies in June, after a voyage of about 3,600 miles. On April 24, 1800, President John Adams approves legislation to appropriate $5,000 to establish the Library of Congress. The first library catalog, dated 1802, listed 964 volumes and nine maps. Twelve years later, the British army invaded the city of Washington and burned the Capitol, including the then 3,000-volume Library of Congress.
On April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, the German military tests its powerful new air force -- the Luftwaffe -- on the Basque town of Guernica in northern Spain. One-third of Guernica's 5,000 inhabitants were killed or wounded, and fi res engulfed the city and burned for days.
On April 23, 1954, Hank Aaron hits the fi rst home run of his Major League Baseball career. Twenty years later, Aaron became baseball's new home-run king when he broke Babe Ruth's longstanding record of 714 career homers.
On April 27, 1963, Margaret Annemarie Battavio's very first single, "I Will Follow Him," reaches No. 1 on the U.S. pop charts. At age 15, the singer better known as Little Peggy March became the youngest female performer ever to top the Billboard Hot 100.
On April 22, 1970, Earth Day, an event to increase public awareness of the world's environmental problems, is celebrated in the United States for the first time. Millions of Americans participated in rallies, marches and educational programs.
On April 25, 1983, the Soviet Union releases a letter that Russian leader Yuri Andropov wrote to Samantha Smith, an American fifth-grader from Manchester, Maine, inviting her to visit his country.
Andropov's letter came in response to a note Smith had sent him in December 1982, asking if the Soviets were planning to start a nuclear war.